There are five basic types of societies that experts refer to throughout history even if there are many more existing societies out there. These types that we are about to tell you are characterized by their level of technology.


The first type is the hunting and gathering society. They survive through hunting different animals, fishing and planting or gathering plants. Most members of this society are on the brink of extinction but there are still few alive.

Long time ago, the hunting and gathering societies were nomadic which means that they do not settle in one place and they move around from place to place for food and water. They were dependent on their environment so if the plant in the area dies and animals migrates or rivers might dry, they will have to place themselves on other areas where their needs are met. And if they find a place where they can settle in and have more than enough resources, a small village might be formed but this is a scenario that does not happen often.

There is also what we call the pastoral societies which first surfaced 12,000 long years ago. They grazed animals for food and transport. This type of society still exists today. They are chiefly found on the North African deserts where manufacturing is not existent and possible.

If they tame the animals, it will provide them with more food as compared to hunting for them. This is why pastoral societies produce sufficient food because they are able to save it for the future. Neighboring pastoral societies also exchange goods with each other. And they are not nomads; they stay in one place for a long period of time. This happens because this allows them to store food and supplies longer.

Next, we have the agricultural societies. They are advanced in their technology in cultivating crops like barley, corn, rice, wheat and other grains. The advancement in technology led to raising more farm animals and more cultivated crops. Their food supply has increased and their population rose. It also resulted to towns being trade centers to support educators, merchants, leaders and religious rulers.

Feudal societies are based on the ownership of land. In the 9th to 15th centuries, they were ought to take care of the land of their leader in exchange for protection. But sadly, the leaders or lords abused this and the servants are forced to provide food, homage, crops and more services. This is called the caste system and it will go on from one generation to another that included other family members.

Lastly we have industrial societies. They use fueled machines to produce goods. In the 18th century where good were produced by these machines, experts named it as the industrial revolution. Industrial revolution first flourished in Britain and spread like wildfire across the entire globe.

To better accommodate the transport products, the means of transportation also improved. Wealthy people in that time owned factories and the common people worked in many factories that produces and sells goods. Factories then became as a center of jobs and mass media later on became the norm. The health of the people also improved as their life expectancy increased.